By I. Tempeck. Life University.
It’s how you frame and understand the things that you encounter in the world around you generic 2 mg stanozolol amex. You have created a personal belief system about everything you have ever come across stanozolol 2 mg with mastercard, every new discovery discount 2mg stanozolol mastercard, every interaction and every activity stanozolol 2 mg on-line, in order to fit things in with what you already know. You never just experience something without also experiencing the story that you then create about the event, based on your personal belief system. This is part of how one thought leads to another in patterns that tend to repeat themselves. It’s a normal part of your brain’s functioning to try to make sense of the world by relating new things to what you’re already familiar with. However, what’s helpful to you in providing meaning and context for novel experiences can also be harmful to you if you have developed a belief system that encourages a stress response. For example, when you look at another person, you project your belief system onto him or her. This helps you to decide if someone is to be approached as a friend or feared as a threat. But your first impressions, your beliefs, your patterns and 23 24 • Mindfulness Medication your stories are not necessarily true. He’s a big man and a little scary looking, but you couldn’t ask for a nicer person. We all form immediate opinions about the people we meet based on prior experiences, our cultures, our previously formed opinions and our upbringings. We form judgments about people without even having talked to them and without knowing who they really are and those judgments could be incorrect. If your belief system encourages you to judge a person negatively, then of course your behaviour toward that person will reflect that judgment. You could be in immediate and stressful conflict with someone based on a habitual response pattern triggered by his or her clothing, smile, or hair color. Many times, if people are acting, or dressing, in ways that don’t fit with how you believe they should be behaving, or looking, then you most likely react negatively to them. However, what you’re actually doing is reacting to a behaviour that you see in those people that you reject or deny in yourself. For example, if you see someone who is dressed in what you feel is a sloppy manner; you may find yourself thinking negative thoughts about him or her. You’re really rejecting the idea of ‘being sloppy’ yourself and so, you reject the characteristic when you see it in another person as well. Your parents may have initially defined “sloppy” for you as a negative characteristic. When you see someone who is dressed in what you describe as a sloppy fashion, you’re really just reinforcing the idea that you reject that quality in yourself. An understanding of belief systems and patterns can allow you to see that judgments are more about your own history than about the person, event, or situation being judged. But these judgments are really just stories that extend beyond the actual reality of the event itself, or the new person that you’re meeting for the first time. These stories are simply your belief system at work trying to help you negotiate and understand your daily environment. Despite the fact that your belief system seems The Origin of Thoughts • 25 true for you at any given time, it’s really just a set of interpretations, or tales, that you tell yourself. You have internal and external sensations that are constantly demanding your attention, but what’s instantly created in response to these circumstances is a story… your story. Even your thoughts, as they pop up out of nowhere, are immediately captured and slotted into existing patterns. It remembers the conditioned, reactive story that you created around the initial event, sensation, or perception and that becomes your reality. You completely forget the original event and only see the situation from the perspective of your own story. Isn’t it fascinating that we all lead our lives through the ways in which we look at the world? We can only perceive it through the unique filters of our belief systems and the stories that those systems tell us. Let’s take a look now at how your mind reacts to the internal and external sensations that you’re receiving. I’m going to suggest various images for you to think about and I’d like you to just notice what stories occur for you in response to the original thought. Choose to think about someone that is very neutral to you, such as the newspaper delivery person, or the person at the checkout at the grocery store. When you look at someone you don’t like, your thoughts and stories about that individual will reveal characteristics like negativity, selfishness and aggression.
Plate 56 is a Papanicolaou-stained seminal ﬂuid effective stanozolol 2mg, may be diﬃcult to distinguish from secondary 1 discount stanozolol 2 mg without a prescription,000× magniﬁcation buy cheap stanozolol 2 mg line. Bacterial infections Body ﬂuids/Identify microscopic morphology/Seminal are associated with neutrophilic inﬁltration (called a ﬂuid/2 parapneumonic eﬀusion) generic stanozolol 2mg online. Small cell cellularity in this ﬁeld is suggestive of which carcinoma often produces exudates in which the condition? Te cells in this hybrid genes with a single red and green spot ﬁeld are best described as: indicative of normal chromosomes 9 and 12 is seen A. Inconclusive 1 green, 3 yellow, or 1 red, 2 green, 3 yellow) or unbalanced translocation (1 red, 2 green, 1 yellow). B Spermatozoons should be evaluated based upon a Molecular/Evaluate microscopic morphology/3 strict criterion. In this photomicrograph, spermatozoon 1 demonstrates an almost complete absence of the 60. Plate 60 is a Papanicolaou-stained seminal ﬂuid, anterior portion of the head, the acrosome, which 1,000× magniﬁcation. Choose the best answer and write the corresponding letter in the space to the left of the question number. Use the key to score your exam; a score below 70% correct on any section indicates the need for further study. Absorbance is directly proportional to What is required to perform a sample blank transmittance in order to correct the measurement for the B. Percent transmittance is directly intrinsic absorbance of the sample when proportional to concentration performing a spectrophotometric assay? Substitute deionized water for the sample proportional to the light path length B. A decrease in potential of approximately 10 mV 551 552 Chapter 11 | Sample Certiﬁcation (Self-Assessment) Examination 5. Which electrolyte level best correlates with volatiles is usually based upon the: plasma osmolality? According to American Diabetes Association follows: criteria, which result is consistent with a – diagnosis of impaired fasting glucose? Which of the following conditions will cause 2 s above or below the mean an increased anion gap? Which of the following tests is consistently below -1 s from the mean abnormal in osteoporosis? Te test is repeated reaction is used to measure creatine kinase 3 hours later on a new specimen and the activity. A total of 36 cells were counted ingestion are associated with an increase in in all 9-mm2 squares of a Neubauer-ruled oxygen utilization referred to as respiratory hemacytometer. Factor V Leiden promotes thrombosis by Which of the following additional laboratory preventing: tests would yield informative diagnostic A. Which of the following platelet aggregating agents demonstrates a monophasic aggregation curve when used in optimal concentration? What has happened in a titer, if tube appears during the ﬁrst stage of T-cell Nos. Bands at p24 and gp120 Chapter 11 | Sample Certiﬁcation (Self-Assessment) Examination 555 41. Which disease may be expected to show an false-positive result if the patient has Lyme IgM spike on an electrophoretic pattern? Which of the following serial dilutions nucleolar pattern in the immunoﬂuorescence contains an incorrect factor? A patient deﬁcient in the C3 complement component would be expected to mount a 50. Incubate washed red cells with anti-A1 and Anti-A,B for 30 minutes at room temperature D. Test patient’s red cells with Dolichos biﬂorus 556 Chapter 11 | Sample Certiﬁcation (Self-Assessment) Examination 53. Te patient is a the blood bank following compatibility 55-year-old male with anemia. Lewis antibodies are not clinically signiﬁcant, donor unit so any type of blood may be given D. Which antibody is frequently seen in patients with warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia? A donor was found to contain anti-K using 30 minutes of collection and may be used pilot tubes from the collection procedure. Te recipient’s antibody screen would be within 6 hours of preparation positive for anti-K D.
Quenching reduced by using protein-based calibrators and Chemistry/Evaluate sources of error/Instrumentation/2 diluting both standards and samples prior to assay discount 2mg stanozolol. D Atomic absorption requires a lamp with a cathode measuring magnesium by atomic absorption made from the metal to be assayed stanozolol 2 mg low price. The lamp spectrophotometry except: emits the line spectrum of the metal discount stanozolol 2 mg overnight delivery, providing A 2mg stanozolol with amex. A chopper to prevent optical interference from discriminated from light emitted by excited atoms. Deuterium (wide bandpass emission line at 285 nm light) or Zeeman correction (splitting the incident D. A 285-nm reference beam to correct for light into side bands by a magnetic field) may be background absorption used to correct for background absorption. When measuring calcium by atomic absorption calcium forms a thermostable bond with phosphate spectrophotometry, which is required? Lanthanum displaces calcium, forming calcium from protein lanthanum phosphate, and eliminates interference B. Lanthanum oxide to chelate phosphates complexone), magnesium does not interfere Chemistry/Select methods/Reagents/Media/ because it does not absorb the 422. B Ion-selective analyzers measure the electrolyte have what advantage over analyzers that use a dissolved in the ﬂuid phase of the sample in diluted sample? Can measure over a wider range of blood is assayed, the measurement is independent concentration of colloids such as protein and lipid. Are not subject to pseudohyponatremia caused samples cause falsely low sodium measurements by high lipids when assayed by ﬂame photometry and ion-selective C. Do not require temperature equilibration analyzers requiring dilution because lipids displace D. One drawback to undiluted or direct measuring systems Chemistry/Apply knowledge to identify sources of is that the electrodes require more frequent error/Electrolytes/2 deproteinization and usually have a shorter duty cycle. Select the equation describing the potential that Answers to Questions 35–39 develops at the surface of an ion-selective electrode. Henderson–Hasselbalch equation determine the pH of a solution containing a weak acid and its salt. A The activity of any solid or ion in a saturated solution electrode is determined by the: is unity. Activity of total anion in the paste covering the except chloride are constants, the potential of the electrode reference electrode is determined by the chloride D. Te concentration of silver in the paste covering concentration of the ﬁlling solution. C Valinomycin is an antibiotic with a highly selective reversible-binding aﬃnity for potassium ions. Te ion-selective membrane used to measure electrodes are usually composed of a glass membrane potassium is made of: with a high content of aluminum silicate. High-borosilicate glass membrane lithium ion-selective electrodes are made from organic B. Polyvinyl chloride dioctylphenyl phosphonate liquid ion exchangers called neutral carrier ionophores. B The Nernst equation predicts an increase of procedures/Electrolytes/1 approximately 60 mV per 10-fold increase in 39. If sodium concentration increases from 10 mmol/L to 100 mmol/L, then: E = E° + 60 mV × log10 = E° + 60 mV × 2 = E° + 120 mV. Which of the electrodes below is a current- Answers to Questions 40–45 producing (amperometric) rather than a voltage-producing (potentiometric) electrode? Ion-selective analyzers error from an ion-selective electrode for sodium use a microprocessor to monitor electrode response, when measuring serum but not the calibrator? Interference from other electrolytes an acceptable response time when measuring an B. Protein coating the ion-selective membrane aqueous calibrator, but not when measuring C. An overrange in sodium concentration serum, the cause is often protein buildup on the D. In polarography, the voltage needed to cause be applied to the cathode to cause reduction of depolarization of the cathode is called the: metal ions (or O2) in solution. B Electrode noise most often results from an unstable Instrumentation/1 junction potential. Blocked junction at the salt bridge sample, but is kept from equilibrating via a barrier C. Improper calibration by salt crystals, the reference potential will be unstable, Chemistry/Identify sources of error/Electrolytes/2 resulting in ﬂuctuation in the analyzer readout. Which of the following statements accurately of coulometric titration with amperometric detection. Te indicator electrodes generate voltage oxidation of silver wire at the generator anode.